Aramark Reports Second Quarter Earnings
May 11, 2021 at 06:30 AM EDT
Aramark (NYSE: ARMK) today reported second quarter fiscal 2021 results.
"Across verticals and geographies, we helped our clients develop and execute safe reopening plans," said John Zillmer, Aramark's Chief Executive Officer. "Consistently being a trusted and desired employer and hospitality partner will enable us to create value through accelerated growth, while serving our communities, people, partners and planet."
SECOND QUARTER RESULTS*
Consolidated revenue was $2.8 billion in the quarter, down 24% compared to prior year from the impact of COVID-19. Organic Revenue, which adjusts for the effect of currency, declined 26% year-over-year.
Increased levels of business activity contributed to sequential quarterly revenue improvement across all segments, while also beginning to lap the initial significant impact from COVID-19 in the prior year.
Operating Income of $5 million and Adjusted Operating Income of $30 million in the quarter reflected the impact of COVID-19, while experiencing improved trends compared to the prior quarter driven by increased sales volumes and productivity as well as continued investment in building growth capabilities and operating efficiencies. Adjusted Operating Income (AOI) drop-through was managed to 15% of the corresponding revenue decline led by cost discipline and the Company's flexible operating model.
Second quarter fiscal 2021 GAAP results across all metrics were impacted by COVID-19. On a GAAP basis, revenue was $2.8 billion, operating income was $5 million, net loss attributable to Aramark stockholders was $78 million and diluted loss per share was $0.30. For the second quarter of fiscal 2020, on a GAAP basis, revenue was $3.7 billion, operating loss was $98 million, net loss attributable to Aramark stockholders was $202 million and diluted loss per share was $0.80. As previously reported, in the second quarter of fiscal 2020, GAAP metrics for operating loss, net loss attributable to Aramark stockholders and diluted loss per share were impacted by a pre-tax non-cash impairment charge of $198.6 million based on quantitative testing related to the recoverability of goodwill in one specific reporting unit within the FSS International segment. A reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP measures is included in the Appendix.
Revenue was favorably impacted by approximately $46.5 million due to a weaker U.S. dollar, while adjusted operating income increased by $0.9 million in the quarter. Currency had a negligible effect on adjusted loss per share.
In the quarter, the Company generated Net Cash provided by operating activities of $337 million and Free Cash Flow of $259 million. This reflected an improvement of $119 million and $151 million, respectively, compared to the prior year period. Aramark maintained its focus on cost discipline that included effective management of working capital and capital expenditures as well as benefited from a tax refund related to use of net operating loss carrybacks associated with the CARES Act.
At quarter-end, Aramark had approximately $2.6 billion in cash availability. The Company's strong cash flow and liquidity position provided a platform to advance its capital allocation priorities.
Aramark implemented strategies subsequent to quarter-end that extended maturities and strengthened financial flexibility, including:
These actions collectively reduce annual interest expense and further support Aramark's growth agenda.
The Company's Board of Directors approved a quarterly dividend of 11 cents per share of common stock. The fiscal third quarter 2021 dividend will be payable on June 9, 2021 to stockholders of record at the close of business on May 26, 2021.
On April 29, 2021, Aramark announced that it signed an agreement to acquire Next Level Hospitality, a premier provider of culinary and environmental services in the senior living industry, specializing in skilled nursing and rehabilitation facilities. Founded in 2017, Next Level serves hundreds of locations in the U.S., primarily in the East Coast, Midwest and Texas. This opportunistic acquisition enables Aramark to partner with a business that is committed to creating exceptional experiences for its clients with the ability to leverage a scalable model.
Next Level generated approximately $160 million of revenue in the last twelve months ending March 31, 2021 and is expected to be accretive to Aramark's earnings by early fiscal 2022. Next Level will continue to be run separately under its own brand within Aramark's Healthcare sector.
The deal is scheduled to close in Aramark's fiscal third quarter, subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals.
Aramark remains highly focused on the pursuit of accelerated growth, while effectively controlling costs and driving cash management and operating productivity initiatives. Throughout the year, the Company has continued to build growth-oriented capabilities, particularly in new service offerings and additional sales talent. Aramark will continue to advance growth through a disciplined use of capital to facilitate new business wins as well as invest to drive results in existing client accounts. The Company is positioned as a key enabler in the broader recovery and working closely with clients to accelerate reopening strategies throughout the portfolio. These collective actions are expected to provide a strong platform to realize sustainable value creation.
The Company provides its expectations for organic revenue growth, Adjusted Operating Income and Free Cash Flow on a non-GAAP basis, and does not provide a reconciliation of such forward-looking non-GAAP measures to GAAP due to the inherent difficulty in forecasting and quantifying certain amounts that are necessary for such reconciliations, including adjustments that could be made for the impact of the change in fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements, severance and other charges and the effect of currency translation. The fiscal 2021 outlook reflects management's current assumptions regarding the continued impact of COVID-19 on Aramark and its clients. The extent to which COVID-19 continues to impact business, operations, and financial results, including the duration and magnitude of such impact, will depend on numerous evolving factors that are difficult to accurately predict, including those discussed in the Risk Factors set forth in the Company's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
In the second half of fiscal 2021, Aramark will continue to leverage its flexible operating model, while managing the business with a cost-disciplined, long-term mindset focused on accelerated growth and margin progression. The Company believes it is well-positioned with current performance expectations as follows:
"We are encouraged by clear positive trends across our business amid the broader recovery occurring in the industries we serve," Zillmer added. "We will continue to make high-return investments in growth and service, while maintaining cost discipline. These investments have already translated into an enhanced new business pipeline, creating the opportunity for us to meaningfully accelerate growth."
CONFERENCE CALL SCHEDULED
The Company has scheduled a conference call at 8:30 a.m. ET today to discuss its earnings and outlook. This call and related materials can be heard and reviewed, either live or on a delayed basis, on the Company's website, www.aramark.com on the investor relations page.
Aramark (NYSE: ARMK) proudly serves the world’s leading educational institutions, Fortune 500 companies, world champion sports teams, prominent healthcare providers, iconic destinations and cultural attractions, and numerous municipalities in 19 countries around the world with food, facilities, and uniform services. Because our culture is rooted in service, our employees strive to do great things for each other, our partners, our communities, and our planet. Aramark has been named to DiversityInc’s “Top 50 Companies for Diversity” list, the Forbes list of “America’s Best Employers for Diversity,” the Human Rights Campaign Foundation’s “Best Place to Work for LGBTQ Equality” and scored 100% on the Disability Equality Index. Learn more at www.aramark.com and connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.
Selected Operational and Financial Metrics
Adjusted Revenue (Organic)
Adjusted Revenue (Organic) represents revenue growth, adjusted to eliminate the estimated impact of the 53rd week, the effects of material divestitures and the impact of currency translation.
Adjusted Operating Income
Adjusted Operating Income represents operating income (loss) adjusted to eliminate the change in amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets; the impact of the change in fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements; severance and other charges; merger and integration related charges; asset impairments and other items impacting comparability.
Adjusted Operating Income (Constant Currency)
Adjusted Operating Income (Constant Currency) represents Adjusted Operating Income adjusted to eliminate the impact of currency translation.
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income represents net loss attributable to Aramark stockholders adjusted to eliminate the change in amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets; the impact of changes in the fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements; severance and other charges; merger and integration related charges; asset impairments; the effect of debt refinancings, less the tax impact of these adjustments; the impact of tax legislation; the tax benefit attributable to the former CEO's equity award exercises; the tax impact related to shareholder contribution and other items impacting comparability. The tax effect for adjusted net (loss) income for our U.S. earnings is calculated using a blended U.S. federal and state tax rate. The tax effect for adjusted net (loss) income in jurisdictions outside the U.S. is calculated at the local country tax rate.
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income (Constant Currency)
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income (Constant Currency) represents Adjusted Net (Loss) Income adjusted to eliminate the impact of currency translation.
Adjusted EPS represents Adjusted Net (Loss) Income divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Adjusted EPS (Constant Currency)
Adjusted EPS (Constant Currency) represents Adjusted EPS adjusted to eliminate the impact of currency translation.
Covenant Adjusted EBITDA
Covenant Adjusted EBITDA represents net (loss) income attributable to Aramark stockholders adjusted for interest and other financing costs, net; (benefit) provision for income taxes; depreciation and amortization and certain other items as defined in our debt agreements required in calculating covenant ratios and debt compliance. The Company also uses Net Debt for its ratio to Covenant Adjusted EBITDA, which is calculated as total long-term borrowings less cash and cash equivalents.
Free Cash Flow
Free Cash Flow represents net cash (used in) provided by operating activities less net purchases of property and equipment and other. Management believes that the presentation of free cash flow provides useful information to investors because it represents a measure of cash flow available for distribution among all the security holders of the Company.
We use Adjusted Revenue (Organic), Adjusted Operating Income (including on a constant currency basis), Adjusted Net (Loss) Income (including on a constant currency basis), Adjusted EPS (including on a constant currency basis), Covenant Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow as supplemental measures of our operating profitability and to control our cash operating costs. We believe these financial measures are useful to investors because they enable better comparisons of our historical results and allow our investors to evaluate our performance based on the same metrics that we use to evaluate our performance and trends in our results. These financial metrics are not measurements of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP. Our presentation of these metrics has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. You should not consider these measures as alternatives to revenue, operating income (loss), net loss, or loss per share, determined in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted Revenue (Organic), Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Net (Loss) Income, Adjusted EPS, Covenant Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow as presented by us may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies because not all companies use identical calculations.
Explanatory Notes to the Non-GAAP Schedules
Amortization of Acquisition-Related Intangible Assets - adjustments to eliminate the change in amortization expense resulting from the purchase accounting applied to the January 26, 2007 going-private transaction and amortization expense recognized on other acquisition-related intangible assets.
Severance and Other Charges - adjustments to eliminate severance expenses in the applicable period ($5.4 million expense reversal for the second quarter and year-to-date 2021 and $6.9 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020).
Merger and Integration Related Charges - adjustments to eliminate merger and integration charges primarily related to the Avendra and AmeriPride acquisitions, including costs for transitional employees and integration related consulting costs, and charges related to plant consolidation, the implementation of a new revenue accounting system, rebranding and other expenses.
Goodwill Impairment - adjustment to eliminate the impact of a non-cash impairment charge to goodwill.
Tax Reform Related Employee Reinvestments - adjustments to eliminate certain reinvestments associated with tax savings created by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, including employee training expenses and retirement contributions.
Gains, Losses and Settlements impacting comparability - adjustments to eliminate certain transactions that are not indicative of our ongoing operational performance, primarily for income from prior years' loss experience under our general liability, automobile liability and workers' compensation programs ($18.1 million for year-to-date 2021 and $10.3 million for year-to-date 2020), the impact of the change in fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements ($2.3 million gain for the second quarter of 2021, $5.7 million gain for year-to-date 2021, $12.1 million loss for the second quarter of 2020 and $8.8 million loss for year-to-date 2020), charges related to hyperinflation in Argentina ($1.0 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2021 and $1.1 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020), pension withdrawal charges ($0.7 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2021 and $0.1 million for year-to-date 2020), asset impairment charges ($4.1 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020), external consulting fees related to growth initiatives ($3.2 million for year-to-date 2020), payroll tax charges related to equity award exercises by the Company's former chief executive officer ($0.8 million for the second quarter of 2020 and $1.7 million for year-to-date 2020) and other miscellaneous charges.
Effect of Refinancing and Other on Interest and Other Financing Costs, net - adjustments to eliminate expenses associated with refinancing activities undertaken by the Company in the applicable period such as charges related to the payment of a call premium ($23.1 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020) and non-cash charges for the write-offs of unamortized deferred financing costs and debt premiums related to the repayment of the Senior Notes due 2024 ($2.2 million gain for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020).
Effect of Tax Legislation on (Benefit) Provision for Income Taxes - adjustments to eliminate the impact of tax legislation that is not indicative of our ongoing tax position based on the new tax policies, including the CARES Act for net operating losses being carried back to prior fiscal years ($12.1 million benefit for the second quarter of fiscal 2021, $34.3 million benefit for year-to-date 2021 and $9.3 million provision for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020) and a valuation allowance against certain foreign tax credits ($10.1 million provision for the second quarter of fiscal 2021, $26.2 million provision for year-to-date 2021 and $5.6 million benefit for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020).
Tax Impact Related to Shareholder Transactions - adjustments to eliminate the tax impact of equity award exercises by the Company's former chief executive officer ($10.3 million for the second quarter of 2020 and $22.8 million for year-to-date 2020) and the tax impact related to cash proceeds received from Mantle Ridge for short-swing profits earned through transactions in the Company's common stock ($4.1 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020).
Tax Impact of Adjustments to Adjusted Net (Loss) Income - adjustments to eliminate the net tax impact of the adjustments to adjusted net (loss) income calculated based on a blended U.S. federal and state tax rate for U.S. adjustments and the local country tax rate for adjustments in jurisdictions outside the U.S. Adjustment also eliminates the valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets in a foreign subsidiary that is deemed not realizable (approximately $8.6 million for the second quarter and year-to-date 2020).
Effect of Currency Translation - adjustments to eliminate the impact that fluctuations in currency translation rates had on the comparative results by presenting the periods on a constant currency basis. Assumes constant foreign currency exchange rates based on the rates in effect for the prior year period being used in translation for the comparable current year period.
This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements reflect our current expectations as to future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements under the heading "2021 Outlook" and those related to our expectations regarding the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the performance of our business, our financial results, our operations, our liquidity and capital resources, the conditions in our industry and our growth strategy. In some cases forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as "outlook," "aim," "anticipate," "are or remain or continue to be confident," "have confidence," "estimate," "expect," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," "project," "intend," "plan," "believe," "see," "look to" and other words and terms of similar meaning or the negative versions of such words. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may change at any time, actual results or outcomes may differ materially from those that we expected.
Some of the factors that we believe could affect or continue to affect our results include without limitation: the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic; the pandemic's impact on the U.S. and global economies, including particularly the client sectors we serve and governmental responses to the pandemic; the manner and timing of benefits we expect to receive under the CARES Act or other government programs; unfavorable economic conditions; natural disasters, global calamities, new pandemics, sports strikes and other adverse incidents; the failure to retain current clients, renew existing client contracts and obtain new client contracts; a determination by clients to reduce their outsourcing or use of preferred vendors; competition in our industries; increased operating costs and obstacles to cost recovery due to the pricing and cancellation terms of our food and support services contracts; currency risks and other risks associated with international operations, including Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, U.K. Bribery Act and other anti-corruption law compliance; risks associated with suppliers from whom our products are sourced; disruptions to our relationship with our distribution partners; the contract intensive nature of our business, which may lead to client disputes; our expansion strategy and our ability to successfully integrate the businesses we acquire and costs and timing related thereto; continued or further unionization of our workforce; liability resulting from our participation in multiemployer defined benefit pension plans; the inability to hire and retain key or sufficient qualified personnel or increases in labor costs; laws and governmental regulations including those relating to food and beverages, the environment, wage and hour and government contracting; liability associated with noncompliance with applicable law or other governmental regulations; new interpretations of or changes in the enforcement of the government regulatory framework; the failure to maintain food safety throughout our supply chain, food-borne illness concerns and claims of illness or injury; a cybersecurity incident or other disruptions in the availability of our computer systems or privacy breaches; our leverage; the inability to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness; debt agreements that limit our flexibility in operating our business; and other factors set forth under the headings Item 1A "Risk Factors," Item 3 "Legal Proceedings" and Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and other sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on November 24, 2020 as such factors may be updated from time to time in our other periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov and which may be obtained by contacting Aramark's investor relations department via its website at www.aramark.com. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included herein and in our other filings with the SEC. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included herein or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, us. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments, changes in our expectations, or otherwise, except as required by law.