Aramark Reports Third Quarter Earnings
August 04, 2020 at 06:30 AM EDT
Aramark (NYSE: ARMK) today reported third quarter fiscal 2020 results.
“I am encouraged by how well the Company continues to navigate the complexities and challenges of the current environment. Our balance sheet and new business pipeline remain strong, and we have taken strategic actions to fortify Aramark for the future," said John Zillmer, Aramark’s Chief Executive Officer. “I am also proud of how our team members have remained focused on serving our client partners and communities in the face of significant adversity.”
THIRD QUARTER RESULTS*
Consolidated Revenue was $2.2 billion in the quarter, down 46.3% year-over-year from the impact of COVID-19 that more than offset modest underlying growth in the overall business. Revenue improved sequentially through each fiscal month with April reflecting the lowest performance in the quarter. Organic Revenue, which adjusts for currency impact, declined 45.3% in the quarter.
Operating Loss of $328 million was primarily due to the impact of COVID-19 and included $125 million in severance charges related to organizational realignment. Adjusted Operating Loss was $144 million, largely from the effect of COVID-19 on business operations. Adjusted Operating Income (AOI) drop-through was managed to 20% of the corresponding revenue decline led by cost mitigation efforts and the Company's flexible operating model.
Third quarter fiscal 2020 GAAP results across all metrics were affected by the impact of COVID-19. On a GAAP basis, revenue was $2.2 billion, operating loss was $327.6 million, net loss attributable to Aramark stockholders was $256.4 million, and diluted loss per share were $(1.01). For the third quarter of 2019, on a GAAP basis, revenue was $4.0 billion, operating income was $188.8 million, net income attributable to Aramark stockholders was $83.0 million and diluted earnings per share were $0.33. A reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP measures is included in the Appendix.
GAAP metrics for operating income (loss), net income (loss) attributable to Aramark stockholders, and diluted loss per share included pre-tax charges of $125 million associated with actions taken to restructure and realign resources within the Company. The majority of these charges, or $75 million, were within FSS International that reflected labor law requirements in certain countries.
A stronger U.S. dollar decreased revenue by approximately $42.1 million and resulted in a $4.2 million favorable impact on adjusted operating loss during the quarter. Currency had a $0.01 favorable effect on adjusted loss per share.
Net Cash (used in) provided by operating activities was $(74.8) million in the nine month period compared to $208.2 million in the prior year. Through nine months, Free Cash Flow was $(334.2) million compared to $(121.2) million in the prior year period. The year-over-year decrease was largely due to lower net income from the impact of COVID-19 on operational performance, partially offset by favorable working capital.
In the third quarter Cash provided by operating activities was $17 million and Free Cash Flow was a use of $37 million in the third quarter as a result of the Company's disciplined capital expenditure activity.
Since the bond issuance in late April, the Company generated positive cash flow due to actions taken to normalize collection trends toward traditional levels as well as purposeful cash management strategies to maintain financial flexibility.
Aramark continued to operate with a strong balance sheet and remained disciplined in its capital allocation priorities. As previously announced, the Company took proactive actions to increase cash availability and amend its credit facility to suspend the secured debt ratio covenant requirement for four quarters — from the September 2020 quarter to the June 2021 quarter.
At quarter-end, the Company had $2.5 billion in cash availability with particular focus on prudent management of working capital and capital expenditures, while still pursuing long-term growth opportunities. The majority of Aramark's capital expenditures are discretionary or can be deferred, as appropriate.
The Company's Board of Directors approved a quarterly dividend of 11 cents per share of common stock. The dividend will be payable on September 2, 2020 to stockholders of record at the close of business on August 19, 2020.
Aramark's actions in the third quarter to adapt to the current environment resulted in:
The Company has been providing meals, food, supplies and PPE for local communities as well as offering safe and hygienic solutions for employees, clients and customers.
Recognizing the critical need for health and safety, Aramark developed EverSafe™ — a comprehensive offering committed to the safe reopening and sustainable management of client locations. The EverSafe proprietary platform was created in partnership with Jefferson Health and in accordance with the recommendations of the CDC, WHO and other leading health organizations. In addition, the EverSafe OS web-based service and mobile app was introduced as a solution designed for small and medium-sized businesses, such as restaurants and retailers, where reopening safely is a critical concern and additional guidance to do so is needed.
Aramark's portfolio is exhibiting early signs of recovery with client activity at various stages of reopening based on geography and sector, particularly Education. The Company currently anticipates sequential top-line improvement in the fourth quarter compared to the third quarter. Aramark is focused on effectively managing costs and Free Cash Flow while operating the business with a long-term perspective that includes pursuing strategies to win new business, retain clients or extend contracts by providing exceptional service.
Aramark believes it will be a key enabler in the broader recovery with expectations that there will be increased demand and favorable outsourcing trends for prominent service providers with deep experience in safety and hygiene solutions.
“Our priority in this ever-changing environment is to ensure the health and well-being of our employees and everyone we serve through an unwavering commitment to provide safe, hygienic dining, facilities and uniform services,” Zillmer said. “Given the considerable opportunities ahead of us, I am confident in Aramark’s ability to create significant, sustainable value for our stakeholders.”
CONFERENCE CALL SCHEDULED
The Company has scheduled a conference call at 8:30 a.m. ET today to discuss its earnings and outlook. This call and related materials can be heard and reviewed, either live or on a delayed basis, on the Company's website, www.aramark.com on the investor relations page.
Aramark (NYSE: ARMK) proudly serves the world’s leading educational institutions, Fortune 500 companies, world champion sports teams, prominent healthcare providers, iconic destinations and cultural attractions, and numerous municipalities in 19 countries around the world. We deliver innovative experiences and services in food, facilities management and uniforms to millions of people every day. We strive to create a better world by making a positive impact on people and the planet, including commitments to engage our employees; empower healthy consumers; build local communities; source ethically, inclusively and responsibly; operate efficiently and reduce waste. Aramark is recognized as a Best Place to Work by the Human Rights Campaign (LGBTQ+), DiversityInc, Equal Employment Publications and the Disability Equality Index. Learn more at www.aramark.com or connect with us on Facebook and Twitter.
Selected Operational and Financial Metrics
Adjusted Revenue (Organic)
Adjusted Revenue (Organic) represents revenue growth, adjusted to eliminate the effects of material divestitures and the impact of currency translation.
Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income
Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income represents operating (loss) income adjusted to eliminate the change in amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets; the impact of the change in fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements; severance and other charges; the effect of divestitures (including the gain on the sale); merger and integration related charges; asset impairments; tax reform related employee reinvestments and other items impacting comparability.
Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income (Constant Currency)
Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income (Constant Currency) represents Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income adjusted to eliminate the impact of currency translation.
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income represents net (loss) income attributable to Aramark stockholders adjusted to eliminate the change in amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets; the impact of changes in the fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements; severance and other charges; the effect of divestitures (including the gain on the sale); merger and integration related charges; asset impairments; tax reform related employee reinvestments, less the tax impact of these adjustments; the tax benefit attributable to the former CEO's equity award exercises; the tax impact related to shareholder contribution; the impact of tax legislation and other items impacting comparability. The tax effect for adjusted net (loss) income for our U.S. earnings is calculated using a blended U.S. federal and state tax rate. The tax effect for adjusted net (loss) income in jurisdictions outside the U.S. is calculated at the local country tax rate.
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income (Constant Currency)
Adjusted Net (Loss) Income (Constant Currency) represents Adjusted Net (Loss) Income adjusted to eliminate the impact of currency translation.
Adjusted EPS represents Adjusted Net (Loss) Income divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Adjusted EPS (Constant Currency)
Adjusted EPS (Constant Currency) represents Adjusted EPS adjusted to eliminate the impact of currency translation.
Covenant Adjusted EBITDA
Covenant Adjusted EBITDA represents net (loss) income attributable to Aramark stockholders adjusted for interest and other financing costs, net; (benefit) provision for income taxes; depreciation and amortization and certain other items as defined in our debt agreements required in calculating covenant ratios and debt compliance. The Company also uses Net Debt for its ratio to Covenant Adjusted EBITDA, which is calculated as total long-term borrowings less cash and cash equivalents.
Free Cash Flow
Free Cash Flow represents net cash (used in) provided by operating activities less net purchases of property and equipment and other. Management believes that the presentation of free cash flow provides useful information to investors because it represents a measure of cash flow available for distribution among all the security holders of the Company.
We use Adjusted Revenue (Organic), Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income (including on a constant currency basis), Adjusted Net (Loss) Income (including on a constant currency basis), Adjusted EPS (including on a constant currency basis), Covenant Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow as supplemental measures of our operating profitability and to control our cash operating costs. We believe these financial measures are useful to investors because they enable better comparisons of our historical results and allow our investors to evaluate our performance based on the same metrics that we use to evaluate our performance and trends in our results. These financial metrics are not measurements of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP. Our presentation of these metrics has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. You should not consider these measures as alternatives to revenue, operating (loss) income, net (loss) income, or (loss) earnings per share, determined in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted Revenue (Organic), Adjusted Operating (Loss) Income, Adjusted Net (Loss) Income, Adjusted EPS, Covenant Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow as presented by us may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies because not all companies use identical calculations.
Explanatory Notes to the Non-GAAP Schedules
Amortization of Acquisition-Related Intangible Assets - adjustments to eliminate the change in amortization resulting from the purchase accounting applied to the January 26, 2007 going-private transaction executed with investment funds affiliated with GS Capital Partners, CCMP Capital Advisors, LLC and J.P. Morgan Partners, LLC, Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. and Warburg Pincus LLC as well as approximately 250 senior management personnel ($7.8 million for the third quarter of 2020, $23.3 million for year-to-date 2020, $7.7 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $23.2 million for year-to-date 2019) and amortization expense recognized on other acquisition-related intangible assets ($21.4 million for the third quarter of 2020, $64.1 million for year-to-date 2020, $20.9 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $64.5 million for year-to-date 2019).
Severance and Other Charges - adjustments to eliminate severance expenses in the applicable period ($124.9 million for the third quarter, $131.8 million for year-to-date 2020, $2.2 million net expense reduction for the third quarter of 2019 and $19.8 million for year-to-date 2019), adjustments to eliminate consulting costs incurred in the applicable period related to streamlining and general administrative initiatives ($4.5 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $13.0 million for year-to-date 2019), incurring duplicate rent charges, moving costs, opening costs to build out and ready the Company's new headquarters while occupying its then existing headquarters and closing costs ($8.4 million for year-to-date 2019), incurring charges related to information technology related initiatives ($2.5 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $6.2 million for year-to-date 2019) and other charges.
Effect of Divestitures - adjustments to eliminate the impact that the Healthcare Technologies divestiture had on comparative periods.
Merger and Integration Related Charges - adjustments to eliminate merger and integration charges primarily related to the Avendra and AmeriPride acquisitions, including deal costs, costs for transitional employees and integration related consulting costs ($5.0 million for the third quarter of 2020, $22.4 million for year-to-date 2020, $8.0 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $26.3 million for year-to-date 2019).
Goodwill Impairment - adjustment to eliminate the impact of a non-cash impairment charge to goodwill.
Gain on sale of Healthcare Technologies - adjustment to eliminate the impact of the gain on sale of the Healthcare Technologies business.
Tax Reform Related Employee Reinvestments - adjustments to eliminate certain reinvestments associated with tax savings created by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, including employee training expenses and retirement contributions ($1.4 million for year-to-date 2020, $5.0 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $70.5 million for year-to-date 2019).
Gains, Losses and Settlements impacting comparability - adjustments to eliminate certain transactions that are not indicative of our ongoing operational performance, primarily for a non-cash charge related to operating lease right-of-use assets, property and equipment and other assets from disposal by abandonment of certain rental properties ($28.5 million for the third quarter and year-to-date 2020), non-cash charges related to information technology assets ($17.8 million for the third quarter of 2020 and $21.9 million for year-to-date 2020), gain from the insurance proceeds received related to the impact of property damage from a tornado in Nashville ($16.3 million gain for the third quarter and year-to-date 2020), the impact of the change in fair value related to certain gasoline and diesel agreements ($5.2 million gain for the third quarter of 2020, $3.6 million loss for year-to-date 2020, $0.5 million gain for the third quarter of 2019 and $3.9 million loss for year-to-date 2019), income from prior years' loss experience under our casualty insurance program ($10.3 million for year-to-date 2020 and $11.3 million for year-to-date 2019), eliminate external consulting fees related to growth initiatives ($3.2 million for year-to-date 2020), payroll tax charges related to equity award exercises by the Company's former chief executive officer ($1.7 million for year-to-date 2020), charges related to hyperinflation in Argentina ($1.1 million for year-to-date 2020), banker fees and other charges related to the sale of Healthcare Technologies ($0.7 million net expense reduction for the third quarter of 2019 and $7.7 million for year-to-date 2019), settlement charges related to exiting a joint venture arrangement ($4.5 million for year-to-date 2019), pension plan charges ($1.2 million for year-to-date 2019) and other miscellaneous charges.
Effect of Refinancing and Other on Interest and Other Financing Costs, net - adjustments to eliminate expenses associated with refinancing activities undertaken by the Company in the applicable period such as charges related to the payment of a call premium ($23.1 million for year-to-date 2020) and non-cash charges for the write-offs of unamortized deferred financing costs and debt premiums related to the repayment of the Senior Notes due 2024 ($2.2 million gain for year-to-date 2020).
Effect of Tax Legislation on Provision for Income Taxes - adjustments to eliminate the impact of tax legislation that is not indicative of our ongoing tax position based on the new tax policies, including the CARES Act and U.S. Tax Reform.
Tax Impact Related to Shareholder Transactions - adjustments to eliminate the tax impact of equity award exercises by the Company's former chief executive officer ($1.8 million for the third quarter of 2020 and $24.6 million for year-to-date 2020) and the tax impact related to cash proceeds received from Mantle Ridge for short-swing profits earned through transactions in the Company's common stock ($4.1 million for year-to-date 2020).
Tax Impact of Adjustments to Adjusted Net (Loss) Income - adjustments to eliminate the net tax impact of the adjustments to adjusted net (loss) income calculated based on a blended U.S. federal and state tax rate for U.S. adjustments and the local country tax rate for adjustments in jurisdictions outside the U.S. Adjustment also eliminates the valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets in a foreign subsidiary that is deemed not realizable (approximately $8.6 million for year-to-date 2020).
Effect of Currency Translation - adjustments to eliminate the impact that fluctuations in currency translation rates had on the comparative results by presenting the periods on a constant currency basis. Assumes constant foreign currency exchange rates based on the rates in effect for the prior year period being used in translation for the comparable current year period.
This press release includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect our current views as to future events and financial performance with respect to, without limitation, conditions in our industry, our operations, our economic performance and financial condition, including, in particular, statements by our CEO and including with respect to, without limitation, the impact of COVID-19 on our business, financial performance and operating results, anticipated effects of our adoption of new accounting standards, the expected impact of strategic portfolio actions, the benefits and costs of our acquisitions of each of Avendra, LLC ("Avendra") and AmeriPride Services, Inc. ("AmeriPride"), as well as statements regarding these companies’ services and products and statements relating to our business and growth strategy. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as "outlook," "aim," "anticipate," "are or remain or continue to be confident," "have confidence," "estimate," "expect," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," "project," "intend," "plan," "believe," "see," "look to" and other words and terms of similar meaning or the negative versions of such words.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. All statements we make relating to our estimated and projected earnings, costs, expenditures, cash flows, growth rates, financial results and our estimated benefits and costs of our acquisitions are forward-looking statements. In addition, we, through our senior management, from time to time make forward-looking public statements concerning our expected future operations and performance and other developments. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may change at any time, and, therefore, our actual results may differ materially from those that we expected. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements. Some of the factors that we believe could affect our results or the costs and benefits of the acquisitions include without limitation: the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic; the pandemic's impact on the U.S. and global economies, including particularly the client sectors we serve, and governmental responses to the pandemic; unfavorable economic conditions; natural disasters, global calamities, pandemics, sports strikes and other adverse incidents; the failure to retain current clients, renew existing client contracts and obtain new client contracts; the manner and timing of benefits we expect to receive under the CARES Act or other government programs; a determination by clients to reduce their outsourcing or use of preferred vendors; competition in our industries; increased operating costs and obstacles to cost recovery due to the pricing and cancellation terms of our food and support services contracts; the inability to achieve cost savings through our cost reduction efforts; our expansion strategy; our ability to successfully integrate the businesses of Avendra and AmeriPride and costs and timing related thereto; the risk of unanticipated restructuring costs or assumption of undisclosed liabilities; the risk that we are unable to achieve the anticipated benefits (including tax benefits) and synergies of the acquisition of AmeriPride and Avendra including whether the transactions will be accretive and within the expected timeframes; the availability of sufficient cash to repay certain indebtedness and our decision to utilize the cash for that purpose; the failure to maintain food safety throughout our supply chain, food-borne illness concerns and claims of illness or injury; governmental regulations including those relating to food and beverages, the environment, wage and hour and government contracting; liability associated with noncompliance with applicable law or other governmental regulations; new interpretations of or changes in the enforcement of the government regulatory framework; currency risks and other risks associated with international operations, including Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, U.K. Bribery Act and other anti-corruption law compliance; continued or further unionization of our workforce; liability resulting from our participation in multiemployer defined benefit pension plans; risks associated with suppliers from whom our products are sourced; disruptions to our relationship with, or to the business of, our primary distributor; the inability to hire and retain sufficient qualified personnel or increases in labor costs; healthcare reform legislation; the contract intensive nature of our business, which may lead to client disputes; seasonality; a cybersecurity incident or other disruptions in the availability of our computer systems or privacy breaches; failure to maintain effective internal controls; our leverage, including our recent significantly increased borrowings; the inability to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness; debt agreements that limit our flexibility in operating our business; our ability to attract new or maintain existing customer and supplier relationships at reasonable cost; our ability to retain key personnel and other factors set forth under the headings Item 1A "Risk Factors," Item 3 "Legal Proceedings" and Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and other sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on November 26, 2019 as such factors may be updated from time to time in our other periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov and which may be obtained by contacting Aramark's investor relations department via its website www.aramark.com. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this press release and in our other filings with the SEC. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included herein or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, us. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments, changes in our expectations, or otherwise, except as required by law.