Aduro Biotech Presents Preliminary Results from Ongoing Phase 1 Trials of STING agonist ADU-S100 (MIW815) in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas
November 09, 2018 at 07:30 AM EST
BERKELEY, Calif., Nov. 09, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Aduro Biotech, Inc. (NASDAQ: ADRO) today announced presentation of preliminary data from its ongoing Phase 1 dose-finding study of ADU-S100 (MIW815), a novel STING (stimulator of interferon genes) pathway activator, at SITC's 33rd Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C. Aduro and collaborator Novartis embarked on this first-in-human trial (see www.clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT02675439) as an important first step in characterizing the safety profile and mechanism of ADU-S100 and its ability to activate the STING pathway.
Data Highlights from ADU-S100 Monotherapy Trial (Data cut-off: August 16, 2018)
The Phase 1 dose escalation and dose expansion clinical trial is designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability and clinical activity of ADU-S100 in patients with advanced, metastatic treatment-refractory solid tumors or lymphomas. In this multicenter, open-label trial, ADU-S100 is administered intratumorally on Days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle.
Clinical and Biomarker Activity
“We are encouraged by the data obtained from the dose escalation portion of this first-in-human trial of ADU-S100 in heavily pre-treated patients with a diverse set of advanced cancers,” commented Stephen T. Isaacs, chairman and chief executive officer of Aduro Biotech. “Based on the safety profile and interesting signals observed from the clinical approach to date, we expect to collect additional biomarker data and have begun to enrich monotherapy dose cohorts with additional patients of select tumor types. At the same time, we have expanded the breadth of our joint development program with our colleagues at Novartis to focus on combination with checkpoint inhibitors in melanoma and other homogeneous patient populations where we seek to deliver clinical benefit to patients in need.”
In September 2018, this trial was amended to include a study arm evaluating ADU-S100 in combination with ipilimumab at its approved dose and schedule. Following a short dose escalation, the expansion phase aims to enroll patients with cutaneously and viscerally accessible melanoma who have relapsed or are refractory to PD-1 inhibitors.
Ongoing Phase 1b Trial of ADU-S100 + Anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody Spartalizumab (PDR001)
A Phase 1b dose escalation and dose expansion clinical trial is ongoing to evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of ADU-S100 in combination with spartalizumab (PDR001), Novartis’ investigational anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody (see www.clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT03172936). The multicenter, open-label trial is currently enrolling patients with advanced, metastatic treatment-refractory solid tumors or lymphomas and is evaluating two treatment schedules of ADU-S100 in dose escalation with a fixed dose of spartalizumab. Patients in Group A receive a fixed dose of intravenous spartalizumab on day 1 and an intratumoral injection of ADU-S100 three times (day 1, 8, 15) in a 28-day cycle. Patients in Group B receive a fixed dose of intravenous spartalizumab on day 1 and an intratumoral injection of ADU-S100 on day 1 of every 28-day cycle.
In the early dosing cohorts of the ongoing study of ADU-S100 in combination with spartalizumab, preliminary observations include: 1) clinical responses observed in several tumor types, including two patients who had previously demonstrated responses to checkpoint inhibitor therapy alone; 2) reduced tumor volume in injected and non-injected lesions in some patients; 3) several patients remained on study longer than 6 months; and 4) safety profile consistent with what has been observed in the ADU-S100 monotherapy study.
Isaacs continued, “While still early, the preliminary observations emerging from initial dose cohorts of ADU-S100 plus spartalizumab are promising. In particular, the observation of clinical benefit in patients who received prior PD-1 therapy may provide further evidence supporting the synergy between STING and checkpoint inhibitor therapy that was previously demonstrated by our preclinical results. Extensive biomarker analysis is ongoing to assess biological activity. We and Novartis are committed to further exploration of the potential of ADU-S100 as a combination agent with both spartalizumab and ipilimumab in dose escalation and expansion into homogeneous patient populations. We look forward to seeing how these data evolve over time and expect to report on the results of these studies at future medical meetings.”
About STING Pathway Activator Technology
Aduro’s lead molecule, ADU-S100, is the first therapeutic in development specifically targeting STING. In collaboration with Novartis, it is being tested in a Phase 1 clinical trial as a single agent and in combination with ipilimumab, and in a Phase 1b combination trial with spartalizumab (PDR001), an investigational anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody. These studies are enrolling patients with cutaneously accessible, advanced/metastatic solid tumors or lymphomas. The trials are evaluating the ability of ADU-S100 to activate the immune system and recruit specialized immune cells to attack the injected tumor, leading to a broad immune response that seeks out and kills distant metastases.
Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements