11% of Knee Osteoarthritis in Singapore; Affects Mostly Working Class Citizens
February 22, 2021 at 19:53 PM EST
Knee osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of pain worldwide. In physiotherapy, the patient will be supervised by a physiotherapist who's educated and trained to handle any pain they are feeling.
Singapore, Singapore - February 22, 2021 /PressCable/ —
Knee osteoarthritis, commonly known and experienced as knee pain, is one of the leading causes of pain worldwide. A study conducted in Singapore-based individuals estimated that 11% of the general population have knee osteoarthritis.
Based on this survey, there’s a higher prevalence of knee OA in women than in men. From the ages presented, knee pains are more prevalent with individuals aged 60 years old and above than those in the working class aged 18 to 59 years old. Among the different ethnic groups residing in Singapore, Indians were the most affected, followed by Malay, then Chinese.
Given the data presented above, it can be deduced that older individuals are greatly affected more than anyone else. This usually varies from person to person, but the main cause would be the wearing and tearing of joints. This happens when the cartilage, the cushioning between joints, which helps relieve pressure and friction between two bones, gradually degrades over time due to repetitive friction over the years. This decreases the degree of shock absorbance of the cartilage, which results in knee pain and eventually knee osteoarthritis. The common symptoms of knee OA are swelling, stiffness, and pain around the knee joint area.
Another common cause of knee pains is obesity. Since the cartilage around the joints supports the weight brought about to it by the upper extremities, people can expect their knee joints to work twice harder in supporting their weight if this has been increased over time.
Like athletes who’ve had previous knee injuries like cartilage tears, knee strains, and sprains before, this can also increase the risk of developing knee osteoarthritis. In some cases, an individual doesn’t even have to be involved in athletics, even frequent application of stress on their knees such as squatting, lifting heavy weights, and kneeling can make them prone to developing knee pains. The presence of other illnesses, such as rheumatoid arthritis and metabolic disorders, may also contribute to the risk of developing knee osteoarthritis.
Knee pains aren’t usually as alarming as people would think they would be. However, when these aren’t managed, it can cause people severe pains and discomfort, affecting how they live and work. Fortunately, They don’t entirely have to live off this way.
Physiotherapy is one of the most effective ways to greatly relieve any type of muscle and joint pain. In physiotherapy, the patient will be supervised by a physiotherapist who’s educated and trained to handle any pain they are feeling. While there are home remedies people can do to ease their pain, these will only provide temporary relief. Physiotherapy aims to relieve symptoms and improve what the patient is feeling in the long run. Thus, it will be so much better to opt for a long-term solution rather than a short-term one, especially if the symptoms often go away then come back.
The application of ice packs can help relieve hot and swollen joints. Heat packs, on the other hand, may be used to relax tense and tired muscles. Splinting is also a part of physiotherapy wherein the therapist will provide a temporary splint for the patient to reduce the pain in swollen or extremely painful joints.
Another method done in physiotherapy is transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation or TENS. This works by blocking pain messages sent to the brain, altering the perception of what pain is and how it feels. This is done with the use of a TENS machine. The physiotherapist will use this small electronic device by placing pads on the skin. He will then activate the machine so that it can send pulses to the patient’s nerve endings. Patients won’t have to worry about this particular process even if they have a low pain tolerance level. It will just feel like there’s a tingling sensation that can also feel soothing on their skin.
Knee pains caused by knee osteoarthritis are definitely prevalent in Singapore, especially to those already above 60. The reason for this may vary from one patient to another, but the most common cause would be repetitive pressure put on knee joints. This may also be brought about by occupational hazards, which cannot be entirely avoided. Knee pains are most prevalent in women than in men, but both genders are exposed to having this kind of disability.
Living life with chronic knee pain may affect how individuals go about on a day-to-day basis. It usually starts with acute knee pains, which can worsen over time. While there are short-term pain relief treatments an individual can do, it’s best to go to a credible physiotherapist to help relieve their pain. Balance Core Singapore is a reputable physiotherapy clinic located in Novena. The experts in this company are educated and well-trained in physiotherapy and could help target any sort of knee pain and its management.
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