Aimco Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results
August 03, 2020 at 16:23 PM EDT
Apartment Investment and Management Company (“Aimco”) (NYSE: AIV) announced today second quarter results for 2020.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Terry Considine comments: “The second quarter 2020 economic contraction was the most abrupt and most severe in US history. The resilient Aimco business absorbed the financial blow and is now recovering from the shock of the pandemic and the ‘lockdown’ of the economy. In mid-March, the pace of Aimco leasing was cut in half. Ten weeks later at the end of May, we were behind plan by 1,000 new leases. In June and July, increased demand and excellent work by our site teams produced about 325 leases above plan, leaving a year-to-date shortfall of 675. We are at or near the bottom in monthly Average Daily Occupancy. Notwithstanding all that has happened, at the bottom line, our first half results met our pre-crisis expectations.”
“Looking forward, there are many reasons for concern: the fragile economy; the uncertain course of the pandemic; riots and political unrest; continuing lockdowns and the enormous increase in government borrowing and regulation. Nevertheless, I am optimistic about the Aimco portfolio and team, the apartment business itself, and the great experiment in freedom that is our country. Better times lie ahead.”
Chief Financial Officer Paul Beldin adds: “Since the onset of the crisis, Aimco has closed a $350 million term loan and $689 million of property financings. We have lowered the weighted average interest rate of our leverage to 3.69%; addressed all 2020 debt maturities; and increased liquidity and reduced refunding risk such that Aimco committed credit and cash on hand exceeds the total of (1) the $151 million cost to complete continuing long-cycle redevelopments and developments; plus (2) the $959 million of debt maturing in the next 30 months.”
“Second quarter AFFO of $0.55 per share was up 8% year-over-year. At our properties, Aimco recognized 98.4% of all residential rental revenue, treating the balance of 1.6% as bad debt. Of the 98.4%, 97.2% was paid in cash; 70 basis points is subject to recovery by offset against security deposits; and $1.0 million, or 50 basis points is considered collectable based on our review of individual customers’ credit.”
Financial Results: Second Quarter Pro forma FFO Per Share Up 5%; AFFO Per Share Up 8%
Net Income (per diluted common share) – Year-over-year, second quarter net income decreased due primarily to fewer gains from dispositions and more prepayment penalties incurred during second quarter refinancing activity undertaken to increase liquidity and to benefit from current interest rates.
Pro forma FFO (per pro forma diluted common share) – Second quarter Pro forma FFO per share was up $0.03 year-over-year due primarily to the contribution from communities in lease-up, the net contribution from the Parkmerced loan, and lower G&A costs; offset partially by the impacts of the pandemic and lockdown mentioned previously and by ‘drag’, or lower contribution, from Redevelopment communities under construction.
Adjusted Funds from Operations (per pro forma diluted common share) – Second quarter AFFO per share increased $0.04 year-over-year due primarily to the $0.03 increase in Pro forma FFO per share and $0.01 due to lower capital replacement spending.
COVID-19 Response Update
Aimco’s top priority is the health and safety of its residents and teammates. Accordingly, Aimco has implemented enhanced cleaning procedures and physical distancing and remote working guidelines at its communities and corporate offices.
Seeing residents as individuals, each impacted differently by the pandemic and lockdown, Aimco teammates have undertaken to speak to every resident in need, to listen, and to help each to solve his or her problems.
Aimco also seeks to assist the communities where its residents and employees live and work. Since March, Aimco has provided free temporary furnished housing for healthcare providers at 21 Fitzsimons on the Anschutz Medical Campus, Parc Mosaic near Boulder Community Health, and River Club near Newark University Hospital.
In the second quarter, Aimco estimates that it incurred $8.0 million of incremental costs related to additional interest costs resulting from Aimco’s increased liquidity; incremental bad debt expense; lower commercial revenue; local restrictions on Aimco’s ability to charge late fees; and enhanced cleaning and safety procedures and other COVID-19 related items.
Rent Collection Update
Residential Rent Collection – Aimco measures residential rent collection as the amount of payments received as a percentage of all residential amounts billed. The table below represents the percentage of second quarter and July 2020 residential billed amounts.
In the second quarter, Aimco recognized 98.4% of all residential revenue treating the balance of 1.6% as bad debt. Of the 98.4% of residential revenue recognized, Aimco collected in cash all but 120 basis points. The amounts uncollected and not reserved as bad debt include balances collateralized by security deposits, of approximately 70 basis points, or those considered collectable based on Aimco review of individual customers’ credit, of approximately 50 basis points, or $1.0 million.
In July, Aimco recognized 98.4% of all residential revenue treating the balance of 1.6% as bad debt. Of the 98.4% of residential revenue recognized, Aimco collected 95.8% in cash; 30 basis points is collateralized by security deposits and $1.6 million, or 2.3%, is expected to be collected in future periods… half of which is expected to be collected in August.
Operating Results: Second Quarter Same Store NOI Down 1.4%; Year-to-Date NOI Up 1.8%
Components of Same Store Revenue Growth – Same Store Revenue growth was impacted by lower average daily occupancy, increased bad debt expense, waived late fees, and reduced commercial rents. The table below summarizes the change in the components of Aimco’s Same Store revenue growth.
Same Store Rental Rates – Aimco measures changes in rental rates by comparing, on a lease-by-lease basis, the effective rate on a newly executed lease to the effective rate on the expiring lease for that same apartment. Newly executed leases are classified as either a new lease, where a vacant apartment is leased to a new customer, or as a renewal. The table below details changes in new and renewal lease rates, as well as the weighted-average (blended) lease rates for leases executed in the respective period.
Redevelopment and Development
Redevelopment is Aimco’s second line of business where Aimco creates value by repositioning communities within the Aimco portfolio. Aimco also undertakes ground-up development when warranted by risk-adjusted investment returns, either directly or in connection with redevelopment of an existing apartment community. Aimco invests to earn risk-adjusted returns in excess of those expected from the apartment communities sold in “paired trades” to fund the redevelopment and development. Of these two activities, Aimco generally favors redevelopment because it permits adjustment of the scope and timing of spending to align with changing market conditions and customer preferences.
During the second quarter, Aimco invested $62 million in redevelopment and development. Aimco continued five long-cycle redevelopment and development projects already under construction, including the full redevelopment of the North Tower at Flamingo Point in Miami Beach, Florida, and 707 Leahy in Redwood City, California; and ground-up construction at The Fremont on the Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, Colorado; Eldridge Townhomes in Elmhurst, Illinois; and Prism in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Aimco’s estimated cost to complete these projects is $151 million, an amount readily funded from Aimco’s liquidity.
In June, Aimco resumed short-cycle redevelopments at Bay Parc in Miami, Florida, and the Center Tower at Flamingo Point in Miami Beach, Florida. Aimco’s estimated cost to complete these projects is $13.4 million.
At Parc Mosaic in Boulder, Colorado, construction is substantially complete. As of July 31, 2020, Aimco had leased 84% of the apartment homes at rents exceeding underwriting.
At The Fremont, on the Anschutz Medical Campus, 86 apartment homes have been delivered and 49% have been leased. Completion of this 253-apartment home community is expected in the fourth quarter.
At Eldridge Townhomes in Elmhurst, Illinois, 23 townhomes have been delivered and 91% of those have been leased. Construction is on track to deliver the remaining 35 townhomes by year end.
In May, construction resumed at 707 Leahy in Redwood City, California, following a five-week county-mandated work stoppage. Aimco has currently completed construction on 43 of the 110 apartment homes and leased 77% of those completed.
In June, COVID-19 related construction bans were lifted by the City of Cambridge allowing construction activities to resume at Prism. Completion of this 136-apartment home property is expected in the first quarter of 2021.
During the second quarter, Aimco leased 59 redeveloped or newly developed apartment homes. At June 30, 2020, Aimco’s exposure to lease-up at long-cycle redevelopment and development communities was 809 apartment homes; 44 homes where construction is complete, 289 homes expected to be delivered during the remainder of 2020, and 476 homes expected to be delivered in 2021.
Aimco’s portfolio of apartment communities is diversified across “A,” “B,” and “C+” price points, averaging “B/B+” in quality and is also diversified across several of the largest markets in the United States.
Portfolio Strategy – Aimco follows a disciplined paired trade policy in making investments. As part of its portfolio strategy, Aimco seeks to sell up to 10% of its portfolio annually and to reinvest the proceeds from such sales in accretive uses such as capital enhancements, redevelopments, some developments, and selective acquisitions with projected Free Cash Flow internal rates of return higher than expected from the communities being sold. Aimco prefers well-located real estate where land is a significant percentage of total value and provides potential upside from development or redevelopment. Through this disciplined approach to capital recycling, Aimco increases the quality and expected growth rate of its portfolio.
Second Quarter Portfolio – For its entire portfolio, Aimco’s average monthly revenue per apartment home was $2,254 for second quarter 2020, a 2% increase compared to second quarter 2019. This increase is due primarily to year-over-year growth in Same Store rent, lease-up of redeveloped apartment homes, and sales of communities with average monthly rent per apartment home lower than that of the retained portfolio, offset partially by lower average fees and other revenue per apartment home.
In the second quarter, Aimco made no acquisitions.
Dispositions – In the second quarter, Aimco sold one apartment community located in Annandale, Virginia, with 219 apartment homes at a price of $59 million, 3% better than its estimated gross asset value one year prior. Net sales proceeds from this transaction were $37 million.
Subsequent to quarter end, Aimco received a non-refundable deposit on a community to be sold later in 2020. Aimco agreed to sell this community at a price of approximately $126 million, 3% better than its estimated gross asset value at December 31, 2019. Proceeds from this transaction are expected to be used to reduce leverage.
Mezzanine Loan Investment – As previously announced, in December 2019, Aimco made a five-year, $275 million mezzanine loan to a partnership owning Parkmerced Apartments, located in southwest San Francisco. The loan bears interest at a 10% annual rate, accruing if not paid from property operations. In the second quarter, Aimco accrued all interest due, as provided by the loan agreement and consistent with GAAP considering the loan is secured by more than $300 million of borrower equity junior to the Aimco loan.
Aimco seeks to increase financial returns by using leverage with appropriate caution. Aimco limits risk through its balance sheet structure, employing low leverage, primarily non-recourse and long-dated property debt; and Aimco builds financial flexibility by maintaining ample unused and available credit; holding properties with substantial value unencumbered by property debt; maintaining an investment grade rating; and using partners’ equity capital when it enhances financial returns or reduces investment risk.
Aimco leverage includes the Aimco share of long-term, non-recourse, property debt encumbering apartment communities, outstanding borrowings under the Aimco revolving credit facility, the term loan, and other leverage.
Aimco target leverage ratios are Net Leverage to Adjusted EBITDAre below 7.0x and Adjusted EBITDAre to Interest Expense and Preferred Distributions greater than 2.5x. Aimco calculates Adjusted EBITDAre and Adjusted Interest Expense used in its leverage ratios based on current quarter amounts, annualized.
Net Leverage to Adjusted EBITDAre increased by 0.4x from March 31, 2020, due primarily to a $6.1 million reduction in quarterly EBITDAre as a result of COVID-19.
Aimco expects to meet its leverage target through a combination of property NOI growth, including the $30 million of incremental NOI Aimco expects to receive from its “long-cycle” redevelopment communities now underway, and through approximately $350 million of property sales, including the previously mentioned under-contract property, expected to close in 2020.
Under its revolving credit facility and term loan, Aimco has agreed to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.40x, as well as other covenants customary for similar revolving credit arrangements. For the period ended June 30, 2020, Aimco’s fixed charge coverage ratio was 2.02x. Aimco expects to remain in compliance with its covenants.
During the second quarter, Aimco placed $609 million of new property debt, generating incremental proceeds of $371 million, and closed the refinancing of another $80 million in July. The loans have a weighted-average term to maturity of 9.3 years and a weighted-average interest rate of 2.9%, lowering Aimco’s weighted-average borrowing cost of leverage to 3.69%. Aimco addressed all of its 2020 loan maturities and reduced 2021 to 2024 maturities by 18%; resulting in average annual maturities of $262 million remaining for the four years.
Also, during the second quarter, Aimco secured a $350 million term loan. Proceeds from the loan were used primarily to repay borrowings on the revolving credit facility.
Aimco uses its credit facility primarily for working capital and other short-term purposes and to secure letters of credit. At June 30, 2020, Aimco held cash and restricted cash of $428 million and had the capacity to borrow up to $793 million under its revolving credit facility, bringing total liquidity to $1.2 billion.
Aimco also manages its financial flexibility by maintaining an investment grade rating and holding communities that are unencumbered by property debt. As of June 30, 2020, Aimco held unencumbered communities with an estimated fair market value of approximately $2.3 billion.
Equity Capital Activities
On July 28, 2020, the Aimco Board of Directors declared quarterly cash dividends of $0.41 per share of Class A Common Stock, an increase of 5% compared to the regular quarterly dividends paid in 2019. This amount is payable on August 28, 2020, to stockholders of record on August 14, 2020.
Earnings Conference Call Information
The full text of this Earnings Release and the Supplemental Information referenced in this release are available on Aimco’s website at investors.aimco.com.
Glossary & Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial and Operating Measures
Financial and operating measures found in this Earnings Release and the Supplemental Information include certain financial measures used by Aimco management that are measures not defined under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP. Certain Aimco terms and Non-GAAP measures are defined in the Glossary in the Supplemental Information and Non-GAAP measures reconciled to the most comparable GAAP measures.
Aimco is a real estate investment trust focused on the ownership and management of quality apartment communities located in select markets in the United States. Aimco is one of the country’s largest owners and operators of apartments, with ownership interests in 125 apartment communities in 17 states and the District of Columbia. Aimco common shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol AIV and are included in the S&P 500. For more information about Aimco, please visit our website at www.aimco.com.
This Earnings Release and Supplemental Information contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including, without limitation, statements regarding projected results and specifically forecasts of 2020 results, including but not limited to: Nareit FFO, Pro forma FFO and selected components thereof; AFFO; Aimco redevelopment and development investments and projected yield on such investments, timelines, and Net Operating Income contribution; expectations regarding sales of Aimco apartment communities and the use of proceeds thereof; and Aimco liquidity and leverage metrics.
These forward-looking statements are based on management’s judgment as of this date, which is subject to risks and uncertainties. Risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown on Aimco’s ability to maintain current or meet projected occupancy, rental rate and property operating results; the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown on those entities in which Aimco holds a partial interest, including Aimco’s interest in the partnership that owns Parkmerced Apartments; the effect of acquisitions, dispositions, redevelopments and developments; Aimco’s ability to meet budgeted costs and timelines, and achieve budgeted rental rates related to Aimco redevelopment and development investments; expectations regarding Aimco sales of apartment communities and the use of proceeds thereof; the availability and cost of property-level and corporate debt; and Aimco’s ability to comply with debt covenants, including financial coverage ratios.
Actual results may differ materially from those described in these forward-looking statements and, in addition, will be affected by a variety of risks and factors, some of which are beyond Aimco’s control, including, without limitation:
In addition, Aimco’s current and continuing qualification as a real estate investment trust involves the application of highly technical and complex provisions of the Internal Revenue Code and depends on Aimco’s ability to meet the various requirements imposed by the Internal Revenue Code, through actual operating results, distribution levels and diversity of stock ownership.
Readers should carefully review Aimco’s financial statements and the notes thereto, as well as the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Aimco’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Aimco’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, and the other documents Aimco files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
These forward-looking statements reflect management’s judgment as of this date, and Aimco assumes no obligation to revise or update them to reflect future events or circumstances. This press release does not constitute an offer of securities for sale.